What is shigellosis?
Shigellosis is an infectious disease caused by a group of bacteria calledShigella. Most who are infected with Shigella develop diarrhea, fever, andstomach cramps starting a day or two after they are exposed to the bacteria. The diarrhea is often bloody. Shigellosis usually resolves in 5 to 7 days. Persons with shigellosis in the United States rarely require hospitalization. A severe infection with high fever may be associated with seizures in childrenless than 2 years old. Some persons who are infected may have no symptoms at all, but may still pass the Shigella bacteria to others.
Shigellosis ay isang nakakahawang sakit sanhi ng bakteryang tinatawag na Shigella. Karamihan ng taong may sakit na Shigellosis ay nakakaramdam ng pagtatae, lagnat at pagsakit ng tiyan simula sa una o pangalawang araw matapos may exposed sa Shigella. Ang pagtatae ay madalas may kasamang dugo. Shigellosis ay karaniwang tumatagal ng 5 hanggang 7 na araw. Mga taong mayroong shigellosis ay bihirangnanganagiilanga ng ostipal. Ang malalang impeksyong dulot ng Shigella may maaring magkaroon ng seizures sa mga batang dalawang taon o pababa. Ang ilang mga tao na impeksyon ay maaaring magkaroon ng walang sintomas, ngunit maaari pa ring makahawa sa iba.
What sort of germ is Shigella?
The Shigella germ is actually a family of bacteria that can cause diarrhea in humans. They are microscopic living creatures that pass from person to person. Shigella were discovered over 100 years ago by a Japanese scientist named Shiga, for whom they are named. There are several different kinds of Shigella bacteria: Shigella sonnei, also known as "Group D" Shigella, accounts for over two-thirds of shigellosis in the United States.Shigella flexneri, or "group B" Shigella, accounts for almost all the rest. Other types of Shigella are rare in this country, though they continue to be important causes of disease in the developing world. One type found in the developing world, Shigella dysenteriae type 1, can cause deadly epidemics.
How can Shigella infections be diagnosed?
Many different kinds of germs can cause diarrhea, so establishing the cause will help guide treatment. Determining that Shigella is the cause of the illness depends on laboratory tests that identify Shigella in the stools of an infected person. The laboratory can also do special tests to determine which antibiotics, if any, would be best to treat the infection.
Paano Shigella impeksiyon masuri?
Maraming iba't ibang uri ng mga mikrobyo ay maaaring maging sanhi ng pagtatae, kaya pagtaguyod sahi ay matulungan ang gabay sa paggamot. Pagtukoy na Shigella ay ang sanhi ng sakit ay depende sa mga laboratoryo mga pagsusulit na makilala Shigella sa stools ng isang nahawaang tao. Ang laboratoryo Ang maaari ring gawin ang mga espesyal na pagsusulit upang matukoy kung aling mga antibiotics, kung mayroon man, ay magiging pinakamahusay na upang ituring ang impeksiyon How can Shigella infections be treated?
Persons with mild infections usually recover quickly without antibiotic treatment. However, appropriate antibiotic treatment kills Shigella bacteria, and may shorten the illness by a few days. The antibiotics commonly used for treatment are ampicillin,trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (also known as Bactrim* or Septra*), ceftriaxone (Rocephin*), or, among adults, ciprofloxacin. Some Shigella bacteria have become resistant to antibiotics. This means some antibiotics might not be effective for treatment. Using antibiotics to treat shigellosis can sometimes make the germs more resistant. Therefore, when many persons in a community are affected by shigellosis, antibiotics are sometimes used to treat only the most severe cases. Antidiarrheal agents such as loperamide (Imodium*) ordiphenoxylate with atropine (Lomotil*) can make the illness worse and should be avoided.
Are there long term consequences of a Shigella infection?
Persons with diarrhea usually recover completely, although it may be...