HURRICANE KATRINA: CASE STUDY
Diary of Key events:
Tropical Depression Twelve formed over the Bahamas.
NHC issues warning in Miami
Friday, August 26:
Maximum sustained winds had again increased to 75 mph and Katrina was upgraded again to a Category 1 hurricane. Saturday August 27:
Category 3 intensity.
State of emergency announced and a called for a voluntary evacuation. Stick with the state's evacuation plan and not order a mandatory evacuation until 30 hours before the expected landfall Sunday, August 28:
By 7:00 AM it was a Category 5 storm, with maximum sustained winds of 175 mph gusts up to 190 mph and a central pressure of 902 mbar. President Bush declared a state of emergency in Alabama and Mississippi, and a major disaster in Florida. Monday, August 29:
2nd landfall at Buras-Triumph, Louisiana, with sustained winds of more than 125 mph. 3rd landfall near Pearlington, Mississippi and Slidell, Louisiana, with sustained winds of 120 mph. By 11:00 AM, there was approximately 10 feet of water in St. Bernard Parish. Many rooftops could not be seen here as they were submerged. President Bush declared a major disaster for Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, under the authority of the Stafford Act. Tuesday, August 30:
At 12:00 PM, New Orleans levee breaches could not be plugged. Governor Blanco ordered that all of New Orleans, including the Superdome, be evacuated due to the flooding of the city. Hundreds of buses evacuated more than 15,000 people that were stranded in the city to the Superdome by Thursday, September 1. Wednesday, August 31:
A National Guard supplies the Louisiana Superdome in downtown New Orleans. Hurricane Katrina is downgraded to a tropical depression.
Planned sandbagging levee breach had failed.
85% of the city was underwater.
The remnants of the hurricane caused roads in northern Quebec to be rutted and eroded by heavy rainfall, isolating the north shore communities for several days. Friday, September 2:
Bush signs the $10.5 billion relief package after Congress passed it. Bush tours the hurricane-battered Gulf Coast, saying that he is ordering additional active duty forces to the region. He also authorizes a drawdown of oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. 18,678 Army National Guard and 2,464 Air National Guard were deployed. Saturday, September 3:
200525,548 Army National Guard and 3,998 Air National Guard were deployed Sunday, September 4:
The evacuation of the Superdome has been completed. 29,588 Army National Guard and 4,596 Air National Guard were deployed.
High sustained winds
Disease from the water
Category 5 Storm
City not functional 3 months
1 million refugees
Extensive flooding from levee breached
Congestion leaving city due to evacuation
Prisoners evacuated, 7500 stuck on highway
Evaluate the immediate response to the Hurricane:
1.Within four days of Katrina’s landfall signed a $10.4 billion aid package and ordered 7,200 National Guard troops to the region. A few days later $51.8 billion in aid. 2. Hundreds of firefighters from other cities who volunteered to help in the response were rerouted to Atlanta, where they sat through two days of presentations before being sent to New Orleans. 3. Mayor Ray Nagin for not ordering an evacuation of the city until less than 24 hours before Katrina’s landfall. Nearby Plaquemines Parish had ordered an evacuation a day earlier. 4. Then-New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson offered 200 members of his state’s national guard to help Louisiana the day the Katrina hit, but a letter from Washington authorizing the move didn’t arrive until five days later. 5. Vice President Dick Cheney’s office called a Mississippi electricity cooperative and ordered repair crews to restore...